Rohingya crisis: UNSC urges Myanmar to fulfil promises

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Desk Report:

The members of the UN Security Council has urged the government of Myanmar, based on respect for the rule of law, to fulfil its stated commitment to holding accountable perpetrators of violence, including sexual violence and abuse and violence against children.

The UNSC made the call in light of the importance of undertaking transparent investigations into allegations of human rights abuses and violations.

The members of the Security Council urged the Government of Myanmar to step up its efforts to create conditions conducive to the safe, voluntary and dignified return of Rohingya refugees and internally displaced persons to their homes in Rakhine State.

They also urged Myanmar to address the root causes of the crisis through implementation of the Rakhine Advisory Commission recommendations, including those related to human rights, citizenship, poverty alleviation and development.

These were stated in a statement issued by Council President Joanna Wronecka (Poland) on Wednesday.

From 28 April to 1 May, members of the Security Council visited Bangladesh and Myanmar as part of its efforts to address the crisis since 25 August 2017 and urge implementation of its presidential statement of 6 November 2017.

The Security Council is grateful to the Governments of Bangladesh and Myanmar, as well as the United Nations, for facilitating the visit, she said.

Members of the Security Council were struck by the scale of the humanitarian crisis and remain gravely concerned by the current situation.

In Bangladesh, the members of the Security Council visited the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, where they met Rohingya refugees.

The members of the Security Council also met Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Minister of State Mohammed Shahriar Alam, acting Foreign Secretary M. Khurshed Alam, Refugee Relief and Repatriation Commissioner Mohammed Abul Kalam, other senior Government officials and representatives of the United Nations country team in Bangladesh.

The members of the Security Council expressed their deep appreciation to the Government of Bangladesh for its efforts to provide refugees protection and assistance and expressed their determination to continue supporting Bangladesh, and Bangladeshi host communities, especially in preparing for the upcoming monsoon season and in providing refugees with sustainable support.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their support to the work being undertaken by the United Nations country team in support of Bangladesh.

In Myanmar, the members of the Security Council met State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, Union Minister for the State Counsellor’s Office U Kyaw Tint Swe, Union Minister for Office of the Union Government and National Security Adviser U Thaung Tun, Union Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Win Myat Aye, and other senior Government officials, representatives of the United Nations country team in Myanmar and members of civil society.

They also visited northern Rakhine state and observed the situation in northern Rakhine State, including widespread destruction of villages, as well as reception centres and transit camps under preparation by the Government of Myanmar.

The members of the Security Council noted the efforts taken by the Government of Myanmar to prepare for the repatriation of refugees.

The members of the Security Council encourage States able to do so to continue and increase support to the Government of Bangladesh, and Bangladeshi host communities, in hosting the Rohingya refugee community, especially regarding emergency preparedness measures to be taken ahead of the monsoon and cyclone seasons.

The members of the Security Council welcome the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and the Arrangement on the Return of Displaced Persons from Rakhine State between the Governments of Myanmar and Bangladesh.

They also urge Myanmar to work with Bangladesh and the UN to allow the voluntary return of all refuges in conditions of safety and dignity to their homes in Myanmar, including through intensified bilateral consultations and implementation of the MoU and the Arrangement.

The members of the Security Council urge the Government of Myanmar to grant the United Nations agencies and their partners immediate, safe and unhindered access to Rakhine State, as well as to other domestic and international non‑governmental organizations providing humanitarian assistance, and as an initial confidence-building measure, to conclude a with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the coming days.

The members of the Security Council welcomed Myanmar’s commitment to work with the UN in the press release by the Ministry of the State Counsellor of Myanmar on 1 May 2018 after State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi met with members of the Security Council.

The members of the Security Council reaffirm the Security Council’s presidential statement of 6 November 2017 in full, including its strong commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and unity of Myanmar.

The members of the Security Council intend to discuss in the coming days how the Security Council can work with Bangladesh and Myanmar governments, as well as the UN, including the Secretary General’s newly appointed Special Envoy on Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, to resolve the crisis and create the conditions allowing the safe, voluntary, and dignified repatriation of refugees to their homes in Rakhine State.unb

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